Let’s take up the vocabulary subject today. You’ve already noticed that we can’t learn a language with grammar only, haven’t you?
Today we’re going to have fun with the help of Mike Franklin, and we’re going to learn a new sort of vocabulary.
Please, turn your attention to the prefix of the words in the lists below. It is “dis-” and “di-“ prefixes.
“Dis-“ is a Latin prefix meaning “apart,” “asunder,” “away,” “utterly,” or having a negative, reversing force.
“Di-“ is a prefix occurring in loanwords from Greek, where it meant “two,” “twice,” “double.”
Let’s look through the words and their translations on the picture:
Now we look through the real definitions of these words:
- Disaccord – disagreement;
- Disaffirm – deny; to contradict;
- Disanimate – deprive of life;
- Disappear – become invisible or unnoticeable;
- Disband – break up and dismiss a band or body of men;
- Discharge – become empty or void of its content;
- Disconcert – disorder; frustrate; derange; confuse;
- Discontent – not content; dissatisfied;
- Discord – disagreement; a confused noise; lack of harmony;
- Discover – bring to light; reveal; find unknown;
- Disease – sickness; illness; disorder in any part of the body;
- Disengage – to separate; to disunite; to liberate from a promise; to withdraw the affections;
- Disentrance – arouse from a trance; free from illusion;
- Disgrace – state of being dishonored, or covered with shame; dishonor; shame;
- Display – unfold or spread out: to exhibit: to set out ostentatiously;
- Discipline – instruction; training, or mode of life following rules;
- Disperse – cause to separate and go in different directions;
- Dispose – regulate; to adjust; to settle; to determine;
- Dispossess – remove from ownership, especially of land; eject;
- Disproportion – make unsuitable in form, size, length, or quantity;
- Disregard – neglect to take notice of; to omit to observe; to slight;
- Dissent – disagree in opinion; to think differently; to differ in opinion;
- Dissolve – come to an end; legally terminate;
- Distance – size of the gap between two places;
- Distemper – disease; malady; a morbid state of mind;
- Distress – cause pain or anguish to; to oppress with calamity; to afflict; to harass; to make miserable;
- Distribute – divide among two or more; to deal; to dispense.
Where do we find the new and ridiculous definitions that make us laugh?
Let me take the components of one word:
Dis–accord, where “dis” with the negative meaning as denial and accord as music harmony or assonance.
Follow the same rule of the word parts and find out the rest of the components’ meanings!